The following is a list of U.S. states, territories, and the District of Columbia ranked by the proportion of African Americans in the population.
In 1865, all enslaved Blacks (African-Americans) in the United States were emancipated as a result of the Thirteenth Amendment. However, some U.S. states had previously emancipated some or all of their Black population. The table below shows the percentage of free Blacks as a percentage of the total Black population in various U.S. regions and U.S. states between 1790 and 1860 (the blank areas on the chart below mean that there is no data for those specific regions or states in those specific years).
a^ There were no Blacks at all—either free or enslaved—in South Dakota in 1860.
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