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County of Oettingen


County of Oettingen


The House of Oettingen was a high-ranking noble Franconian and Swabian family. It ruled various estates that composed the County of Oettingen between the 12th century and the beginning of the 19th century. In 1674 the house was raised to the rank of prince for the first time. Despite the annexation of their lands following the German mediatisation of 1806, the family retained their titles and still have representatives today.

Origins

The Oettingen family traces its descent back to Fridericus comes, documented in 987, and his father Sieghard V. (Sigehardus comes in pago Riezzin, 'Sieghard, Count in Riesgau') from the Sieghardinger family, documented in 1007. These are also considered to be the ancestors of the Staufers.

The Oettingen family was first mentioned in 1147 with Ludovicus comes de Otingen, a relative of the Imperial House of Hohenstaufen who was granted the county surrounding the Imperial city of Nördlingen as a fief, possibly with his brother Chuno comes de Othingen. The relationship between the family and the Hohenstaufens is also proven by documents. The family built Steinsberg Castle around 1200 as vassals of the Hohenstaufen dynasty

From the 12th to the 14th century the family gained the largest secular territory in East Swabia. The county of Oettingen lay around the imperial city of Nördlingen in present-day Bavaria or Baden-Württemberg. At the end of the Old Kingdom in 1806, the area covered around 850 km2 (330 sq mi) and had around 60,000 inhabitants.

Main branches

From 1410, the county started its first divisions within the family, as noted below. Following the partitions, the remaining land was called Oettingen-Oettingen and was located in modern-day eastern Baden-Württemberg and western Bavaria. This branch was Protestant, created Prince of the Holy Roman Empire in 1674 but became extinct in 1731, when the county was divided and inherited by Oettingen-Spielberg (Princes since 1734) that obtained the town and castle of Oettingen, and Oettingen-Wallerstein (Princes since 1774).

Wallerstein

Oettingen-Wallerstein (German: Öttingen-Wallerstein) is a noble family related to a former County in modern-day eastern Baden-Württemberg and western Bavaria, Germany.

Oettingen-Wallerstein was twice created; first, as a partition of Oettingen (modern-day town of Oettingen in Bayern) in 1423 which became extinct in 1486 and was inherited by Oettingen-Oettingen, and the second time as a partition of Oettingen-Oettingen in 1557, as a Catholic branch of the family. Oettingen-Oettingen suffered one partition, between itself and Oettingen-Spielberg in 1602. It was raised to a Principality in 1774 by Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor. In 1806, it was mediatised to the Kingdom of Bavaria, and divided with the Kingdom of Württemberg in 1810. At this time, the Principality had a territory of 850 km2 (330 sq mi) with 60,000 inhabitants.

Spielberg

Oettingen-Spielberg is a noble family and former principality in modern-day eastern Baden-Württemberg and western Bavaria, Germany. It was partitioned of Oettingen-Wallerstein in 1602. It was raised to a Principality in 1734 (after it inherited the town and the castle of Oettingen in 1731), mediatised to the Kingdom of Bavaria in 1806, and divided with the Kingdom of Württemberg in 1810. The other still-existing branch of the Oettingen family is the House of Oettingen-Wallerstein.

Baldern

Oettingen-Baldern was a line of the Swabian-Franconian noble house of Oettingen. It was created by dividing the Oettingen-Alt-Wallerstein line in 1623. The Counts of Oettingen-Baldern died out in 1789. The possessions including Baldern Castle and Katzenstein Castle as well as the Sötern lordship went over to the Oettingen-Wallerstein line.

Rulers

House of Oettingen

Partitions of Oettingen under the Oettingen family

Table of rulers

Lines of succession (post-mediatisation)

Mediatized line of Wallerstein

  • Ludwig Kraft, 2nd Prince 1806–1823 (1791-1870)
  • Friedrich Kraft, 3rd Prince 1823-1842 (1793–1842)
    • Karl Friedrich I, 4th Prince 1842–1905 (1840-1905)
      • Karl Friedrich II, 5th Prince 1905–1930 (1877-1930)
      • Eugen, 6th Prince 1930–1969 (1885-1969), politician
        • Karl Friedrich III, 7th Prince 1969–1991 (1917-1991)
          • Moritz, 8th Prince 1991–present (born 1946) [1]
            • Karl Eugen, Hereditary Prince of Oettingen-Oettingen and Oettingen-Wallerstein (born 1970)
              • Princess Helena (born 1995)
              • Prince Johannes (born 1998)
              • Prince Eugen (born 2004)
            • Prince Ludwig-Maximilian (born 1972)
              • Prince Felix (born 2003)
              • Prince Dominik (born 2007)
            • Prince Friedrich-Alexander (born 1978)
          • Prince Kraft Ernst (born 1951)
            • Prince Philipp-Karl (born 1983)
            • Prince Leopold-Ludwig (born 1987)

Mediatised line of Spielberg

Other important members

  • Irmengard of Oettingen, Countess Palatine of the Rhine (c. 1304–1389)
  • Elisabeth of Oettingen, Landgravine of Leuchtenberg (c. 1360–1406)
  • Wolfgang I of Oettingen, Count of Oettingen-Oettingen (1455-1522)
  • Maria Magdalena of Oettingen-Baldern, Margravine of Baden-Baden (1619-1688)
  • Maria Dorothea Sophia of Oettingen-Oettingen (1639-1698), second wife of Eberhard III, Duke of Württemberg
  • Princess Christine Louise of Oettingen-Oettingen (1671-1747), wife of Louis Rudolph, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. She was the maternal grandmother of Holy Roman Empress Maria Theresa, Tsar Peter II of Russia, Queen Elisabeth Christine of Prussia and Queen Juliane Marie of Denmark and Norway.
  • Maria Anna of Oettingen-Spielberg (1693-1729), wife of Joseph Johann Adam, Prince of Liechtenstein
  • Princess Gabriele of Oettingen-Oettingen and Oettingen-Spielberg (b. 1953), daughter of the 9th Prince
  • Princess Nora zu Oettingen-Spielberg (b. 1990), daughter of Albrecht Ernst, Prince of Oettingen-Oettingen and Oettingen-Spielberg. Married 2017, Lord Max Percy, youngest son of Ralph Percy, 12th Duke of Northumberland
  • Cleopatra, Hereditary Princess of Oettingen-Oettingen and Oettingen-Spielberg (b. 1987), wife of Franz Albrecht, Hereditary Prince of Oettingen-Oettingen and Oettingen-Spielberg

Residences

The following castles are still owned by the Princes of Oettingen-Spielberg and Oettingen-Wallerstein:


See also

  • Oettingen in Bayern

References

External links

  • Marek, Miroslav. "Genealogy of Oettingen". Genealogy EU.
  • (in German) genealogie-mittelalter.de
  • Website of the Prince of Oettingen-Spielberg
  • List of Counts of Oettingen
  • (in German) Counts of Oettingen in the ADB
  • (in German) genealogie-mittelalter.de

Bibliography

  • Fürstlich Oettingen-Wallerstein'sche Bibliothek (1985) Oettingen-Wallerstein'sche Musiksammlung. München: K. G. Saur (reproduced on 3819 microfiches) ISBN 3598307306
  • Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Band IX, C. A. Starke Verlag, 1998, ISBN 3-7980-0816-7 (= Adelslexikon, Gesamtreihe Band 116) (for further references).
  • Teresa Neumeyer: Dinkelsbühl. Der ehemalige Landkreis Kommission für bayerische Landesgeschichte München 2018 (= Historischer Atlas von Bayern, 40. Franken I), ISBN 978-3-7696-6562-8 ([2] at Google Books).
  • Europäische Stammtafeln. Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der europäischen Staaten, Bd. V. Von Frank Baron Freytag von Loringhoven aus dem Nachlass hrsg. von Detlev Schwennicke, Marburg 1978, Tafeln 152–155.
  • Constantin von Wurzbach: "Oettingen-Wallerstein, die Fürsten von, Genealogie." In: Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich (Biographical Lexicon of the Empire of Austria).  Part 21 Kaiserlich-königliche Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Vienna 1870, p. 29 (digitalised).
  • Volker von Volckamer (1999), "Oettingen, Grafen und Fürsten zu", Neue Deutsche Biographie (in German), vol. 19, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 472–474; (full text online)
  • Jacob Paul Lang: Materialien zur oettingischen älteren und neueren Geschichte, Bd. 2, Wallerstein 1773.
  • Zedlers Grosses vollständiges Universal-Lexikon, Bd. 25, Leipzig und Halle 1740, Sp. 801–820.
  • Alexandra Haas (2018), Hexen und Herrschaftspolitik. Die Reichsgrafen von Oettingen und ihr Umgang mit den Hexenprozessen im Vergleich (in German), Bielefeld: Verlag für Regionalgeschichte, ISBN 978-3-7395-1107-8


Text submitted to CC-BY-SA license. Source: County of Oettingen by Wikipedia (Historical)


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