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Municipalities of Veracruz

Municipalities of Veracruz

Veracruz is a state in central eastern Mexico that is divided into 212 municipalities. According to the 2020 Mexican census, it is the fourth most populated state with 8,062,579 inhabitants and the 11th largest by land area spanning 71,823.5 square kilometres (27,731.2 sq mi).

Municipalities in Veracruz are administratively autonomous of the state according to the 115th article of the 1917 Constitution of Mexico. Every four years, citizens elect a municipal president (Spanish: presidente municipal) by a plurality voting system who heads a concurrently elected municipal council (ayuntamiento) responsible for providing all the public services for their constituents. The municipal council consists of a variable number of trustees and councillors (regidores y síndicos). Municipalities are responsible for public services (such as water and sewage), street lighting, public safety, traffic, and the maintenance of public parks, gardens and cemeteries. They may also assist the state and federal governments in education, emergency fire and medical services, environmental protection and maintenance of monuments and historical landmarks. Since 1984, they have had the power to collect property taxes and user fees, although more funds are obtained from the state and federal governments than from their own income.

The largest municipality by population is Veracruz, with 607,209 residents (7.53% of the state's total), while the smallest is Landero y Coss with 1,543 residents. The largest municipality by land area is Las Choapas which spans 3,508.90 km2 (1,354.79 sq mi), and the smallest is Oteapan with 4.60 km2 (1.78 sq mi). The newest municipalities were created in 2003: San Rafael and Santiago Sochiapan.


  State capital



External links

  • Directory of Municipalities (Veracruz State Govt.)
  • Excel file of all Municipalities & Localidades (SHP available for payment

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Text submitted to CC-BY-SA license. Source: Municipalities of Veracruz by Wikipedia (Historical)