Galway Kinnell


Galway Kinnell


Galway Mills Kinnell (February 1, 1927 – October 28, 2014) was an American poet. He won the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry for his 1982 collection, Selected Poems and split the National Book Award for Poetry with Charles Wright. From 1989 to 1993 he was poet laureate for the state of Vermont.

An admitted follower of Walt Whitman, Kinnell rejects the idea of seeking fulfillment by escaping into the imaginary world. His best-loved and most anthologized poems are "St. Francis and the Sow", "After Making Love We Hear Footsteps", and "Wait".

Biography

Born in Providence, Rhode Island, Kinnell said that as a youth he was turned on to poetry by Edgar Allan Poe and Emily Dickinson, drawn to both the musical appeal of their poetry and the idea that they led solitary lives. The allure of the language spoke to what he describes as the homogeneous feel of his hometown, Pawtucket, Rhode Island. He has also described himself as an introvert during his childhood.

Kinnell studied at Princeton University, graduating in 1948 alongside friend and fellow poet W.S. Merwin. He received his master of arts degree from the University of Rochester. He traveled extensively in Europe and the Middle East, and went to Paris on a Fulbright Fellowship. During the 1960s, the Civil Rights Movement in the United States caught his attention. Upon returning to the US, he joined CORE (Congress of Racial Equality) and worked on voter registration and workplace integration in Hammond, Louisiana. This effort got him arrested. In 1968, he signed the "Writers and Editors War Tax Protest" pledge, vowing to refuse tax payments in protest against the Vietnam War. Kinnell draws upon both his involvement with the civil rights movement and his experiences protesting against the Vietnam War in his book-long poem The Book of Nightmares.

Kinnell has been published in Beloit Poetry Journal. From 1989 to 1993 he was poet laureate for the state of Vermont.

Kinnell was the Erich Maria Remarque Professor of Creative Writing at New York University and a Chancellor of the American Academy of Poets. As of 2011 he was retired and resided at his home in Vermont until his death in October 2014 from leukemia.


Work

While much of Kinnell's work seems to deal with social issues, it is by no means confined to one subject. Some critics have pointed to the spiritual dimensions of his poetry, as well as the nature imagery present throughout his work. "The Fundamental Project of Technology" deals with all three of those elements, creating an eerie, chant-like and surreal exploration of the horrors atomic weapons inflict on humanity and nature. Sometimes Kinnell utilizes simple and brutal images ("Lieutenant! / This corpse will not stop burning!" from "The Dead Shall be Raised Incorruptible") to address his anger at the destructiveness of humanity, informed by Kinnell's activism and love of nature. There's also a certain sadness in all of the horror—"Nobody would write poetry if the world seemed perfect." There's also optimism and beauty in his quiet, ponderous language, especially in the large role animals and children have in his later work ("Other animals are angels. Human babies are angels"), evident in poems such as "Daybreak" and "After Making Love We Hear Footsteps."

In addition to his works of poetry and his translations, Kinnell published one novel (Black Light, 1966) and one children's book (How the Alligator Missed Breakfast, 1982).

Kinnell wrote two elegies for his close friend, the poet James Wright, upon the latter's death in 1980. They appear in From the Other World: Poems in Memory of James Wright.

Kinnell’s poem The Correspondence-School Instructor Says Goodbye to His Poetry Students was excerpted in Delia Owens’ novel Where the Crawdads Sing, as a goodbye note left by the protagonist’s mother who left her at a young age.

Personal

Kinnell married Inés Delgado de Torres, a Spanish translator, in 1965 — naming their two children, Fergus and Maud, after figures in Yeats. They divorced after 20 years of marriage. He married Barbara Kammer Bristol in 1997. He had two grandchildren.

Death

Kinnell died October 28, 2014 at his home in Sheffield, Vermont at the age of 87. The cause was leukemia according to his wife, Barbara K. Bristol.

Bibliography

Poetry

Collections

  • What a Kingdom It Was. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. 1960.
  • Flower Herding on Mount Monadnock. Houghton Mifflin. 1964.
  • Body Rags. Houghton Mifflin. 1968.
  • The Book of Nightmares. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 1971. ISBN 978-0-395-12098-9. Galway Kinnell.
  • The Avenue Bearing the Initial of Christ into the New World: Poems 1946–64. Houghton Mifflin. 1974.
  • "Saint Francis and the Sow" No Mountains Poetry Project Broadside Series (1976)
  • Walking Down the Stairs (a collection of interviews) (1978).
  • Mortal Acts, Mortal Words. Houghton Mifflin. 1980. ISBN 978-0-395-29125-2.
  • Blackberry Eating. William B. Ewert. 1980.
  • Selected Poems. Houghton Mifflin. 1982. ISBN 978-0-395-32045-7. —winner of the National Book Award and Pulitzer Prize
  • How the Alligator Missed Breakfast. Illustrator Lynn Munsinger. Houghton Mifflin. 1982. ISBN 978-0-395-32436-3.CS1 maint: others (link)
  • The Past. Houghton Mifflin. 1985. ISBN 978-0-395-39385-7.
  • When One Has Lived a Long Time Alone. Knopf. 1990. ISBN 978-0-394-58856-8.
  • Three Books. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 2002. ISBN 978-0-618-21911-7.
  • Imperfect Thirst. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 1996. ISBN 978-0-395-75528-0.
  • A New Selected Poems. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 2000. ISBN 978-0-618-15445-6. Galway Kinnell. —finalist for the National Book Award
  • The Avenue Bearing the Initial of Christ into the New World: Poems 1953–1964. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 2002. ISBN 978-0-618-21912-4.
  • Strong Is Your Hold. Houghton Mifflin. 2006. ISBN 978-0-618-22497-5.
  • Collected Poems. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 2017. ISBN 978-0-544-87521-0.
Translated collections
  • Yves Bonnefoy (1968). On the motion and immobility of Douve. Translator Galway Kinnell. Ohio University Press.
  • François Villon (1982). The poems of François Villon. Translator Galway Kinnell. UPNE. ISBN 978-0-87451-236-6.
  • Yvan Goll (1970). Lackawanna Elegy. Translator Galway Kinnell. Sumac Press. ISBN 978-0-912090-07-8.
  • Yvan Goll (1968). Yvan Goll, Selected Poems. Translators Paul Zweig, Jean Varda, Robert Bly, George Hitchcock, Galway Kinnell. Kayak Books.
  • Rainer Maria Rilke (2000). Galway Kinnell (ed.). The Essential Rilke. Translators Galway Kinnell, Hannah Liebmann. HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-06-095654-7.

Poems

Novels

  • Black Light. Houghton Mifflin. 1966.
GIUSEPPE ZANOTTI MUSA

References

Further reading

  • Conesa-Sevilla, J. (2008). Dreaming With Bear (Kinnell's Poem). Ecopsychology Symposium at the 25th Annual Conference of the International Association for the Study of Dreams, Montreal, July 11.

External links

  • Galway Kinnell at IMDb
  • Poems by Kinnell and biography at PoetryFoundation.org
  • "Interview with Galway Kinnell by Mike Edgerly on Minnesota Public Radio" MPR Interview
  • "The loveliness of pigs: Galway Kinnell searches for the real beauty" interview and poem "Daybreak" on the Christian Science Monitor
  • Cortland Review interview and poem "The Fundamental Project of Technology"
  • "Galway Kinnell reads 'Wait' " for the WGBH series, New Television Workshop
  • " 'Since you asked..,' with Galway Kinnell for the WGBH series, *New Television Workshop
  • Profile and poems at Academy of American Poets
  • 1988 Whiting Writers' Award Keynote Speech
  • Modern American Poetry short biography

Galway Kinnell